Conservation science is a crisis discipline in which the results of scientific enquiry must be made available quickly to those implementing management. Richard Fuller and colleagues assessed the extent to which scientific research published since the year 2000 in 20 conservation science journals is publicly available.
They found that of the 19,207 papers published, less than 10% (1,667) are freely downloadable from an official repository. Moreover, only less than 5% (938) meet the standard definition of open access in which material can be freely reused providing attribution to the authors is given. This compares poorly with a comparable set of 20 evolutionary biology journals, where over 30% of papers are freely downloadable. Seventeen of the 20 conservation journals offer an open access option, but fewer than 5% of the papers are available through open access. The cost of accessing the full body of conservation science runs into tens of thousands of dollars per year for institutional subscribers, and many conservation practitioners cannot access pay-per-view science through their workplace. However, important initiatives such as Research4Life are making science available to organizations in developing countries.
The researchers urge authors of conservation science to pay for open access on a per-article basis or to choose publication in open access journals, taking care to ensure the license allows reuse for any purpose (providing attribution is given). Currently, it would cost $51 million to make all conservation science published since 2000 freely available by paying the open access fees currently levied to authors. Publishers of conservation journals might consider more cost-effective models for open access and conservation-oriented organizations running journals could consider a broader range of options for open access to non members such as sponsorship of open access via membership fees.
Fuller RA, JR Lee & JEM Watson (2014). Achieving Open Access to Conservation Science. Conservation Biology 28(6):1550-1557 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cobi.12346/abstract