Making the most of the marine Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas IBA stands for Important Bird and Biodiversity Area. It’s a program run by Birdlife International and has been developed over 30 years. It aims to identify sites significant for their contribution to the persistence of bird species and other biodiversity using these areas. Initially, […]
Getting systematic with IBAs
CEED researchers are passionate about trying to reduce our environmental impacts. A team of our researchers have recently published a correspondence piece in Nature Ecology & Evolution asking why so few academic conferences seem to have taken actions to reduce their environmental impact. The team consisted of Matthew Holden, Nathalie Butt, Alienor Chauvenet, Michaela Plein, […]
Does what we say reflect what we think? CEED researchers have found that the term ‘biodiversity’ is less prevalent in conservation policy discourse these days. In an effort to learn about how biodiversity conservation has been framed in recent years, Alex Kusmanoff and colleagues at RMIT University analysed the text of media releases by the […]
Good decisions for the environment need an eye on the longer term Key messages: Long-term monitoring provides essential evidence on which to base good environmental decisions Good design is essential for effective long-term monitoring Things change over time; to remain effective, long-term monitoring needs to adapt around these changes Partnerships are crucial for ensuring long-term […]
Mixed policies can meet multiple expectations Key messages: We analysed the potential outcomes of 10 alternative land-use policy scenarios for a high-priority region for forest protection, restoration and rural development in Central Kalimantan All 10 policy strategies are capable of achieving all stakeholder objectives provided at least 29–37% of the landscape is conserved for biodiversity […]
Carbon AND biodiversity benefits on agricultural land Key messages: Researchers evaluated policy mechanisms for supplying carbon and biodiversity co-benefits on Australian agricultural land Uniform payments targeting carbon achieved significant carbon sequestration but negligible biodiversity co-benefits. Land-use regulation increased biodiversity co-benefits, but was inefficient in regards to carbon Discriminatory payments with land-use competition were efficient and, […]
Getting the balance right Key messages: For economic development to be sustainable it needs to respect the different values people have for the region We developed a conservation plan for the Daly Catchment using a novel scenario-planning approach coupled with optimal land-use design We found that scenarios involving 10% clearing are most aligned with stakeholder […]
Multi-objective hotspots and complementary super-spots in the Coral Triangle KEY MESSAGES: Collaboration between Coral Triangle nations makes good sense The challenge is to work out how regional priorities can be incorporated into national decisions Establishing new MPAs in multi-objective hotspots provides good benefits for all six regional objectives simultaneously Defining management actions for marine […]
CEED recently joined forces with CSIRO and the Belmont Forum project ‘ScenNet’ to explore ways that scenarios and models could be better used in setting and implementing conservation policy at national to global scales. (ScenNet is a global collaboration of researchers working on scenarios and models to support conservation assessment and decisions.) Developing environmental policy […]
Exploring options in an abandoned agricultural project in Kalimantan Conservation and economic paradigms are shifting. In decades past it seemed fine to dedicate land to either conservation or production. But more recently we realise that this is inadequate to save all biodiversity, particularly where we want and need it. We live in a world of […]
So maybe we should be weighing up the alternatives Biodiversity offsetting policies are in place across Australia, administered by both state and federal authorities, to ensure that there are no net losses of native vegetation. Readers might be alarmed then to learn that in 2014, almost 300,000 hectares of native vegetation was cleared in Queensland. […]
And the importance of scientific advocacy in shaping long-term policy Everyone wants to influence policy to protect those values they care most about. However, everyone goes about ‘influencing’ in different ways. So far in this series on ‘influencing policy’ we have heard views from a psychology researcher, a research policy officer, an NGO science manager […]
Using ‘backcasting’ to improve conservation and offsets policy Understanding the long-term impacts of different conservation policies is a massive challenge. For starters, there are long delays (potentially decades) between policy implementation and the resulting conservation gains or losses. And sometimes measuring those gains or losses can be difficult or even impossible because it’s expensive to […]
Perverse incentives may yield unintended biodiversity outcomes The idea of biodiversity offsetting is that impacts on biodiversity from development are compensated for by actions elsewhere in the landscape. It’s a simple idea but one that is generating a lot of controversy. Despite the noble-sounding goal of ‘no net loss’ of biodiversity, many are sceptical about […]
What happens to the theory when it hits the real world? Biodiversity offsetting is a highly topical and increasingly popular approach used to compensate for impacts on species and ecosystems as a result of development, and is the subject of a large and growing body of scientific research. There has been substantial work in developing […]
The what, who, how and where of making a difference The starting line: Before embarking on this journey you need to ask yourself why you want policy makers to use your science? What is motivating you to engage with policy makers and why do you care if your science is adopted or not? These are […]
Environmental offsetting involves compensating for environmental damage at one location by generating ecologically equivalent gains at another. The aim is that there is ‘no net loss’.
The Australian Government’s Best Practice Regulation Handbook is “committed to the use of benefit-cost analysis to assess regulatory proposals to encourage better decision making”. But how do you factor in the value of a bird, a beetle or an area of bush in a benefit-cost analysis? Coming up with dollar values for ‘non-market’ components of the environment has always been challenging.
The movement of organisms has a fundamental influence on the distribution of biodiversity. Movement affects community structure and ecological phenomena such as reproduction, resource availability, genetic diversity, food webs, and species interactions. Anthropogenic disturbances and inappropriate management can disrupt these important processes, so movement information should be considered in conservation decisions.