Making the most of the marine Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas IBA stands for Important Bird and Biodiversity Area. It’s a program run by Birdlife International and has been developed over 30 years. It aims to identify sites significant for their contribution to the persistence of bird species and other biodiversity using these areas. Initially, […]
Getting systematic with IBAs
Quantifying the cumulative development footprint in the Great Western Woodlands KEY MESSAGES: We digitised anthropogenic disturbances in the Great Western Woodlands to estimate the cumulative development footprint We discovered that the majority of the development footprint in the region consists of roads, tracks, and other linear infrastructure (an estimated 150,000 km exists in the region; […]
Challenge and opportunity as climate change impacts the icy continent KEY MESSAGES: Antarctica is being impacted by climate change, invasive species and an expanding human footprint Ice-free areas, home to nearly all Antarctic terrestrial biodiversity, are projected to dramatically expand by 2100 with potentially severe consequences for native species There is no better time than […]
ICCB 2017 through the eyes of newbies In July, we travelled to the colourful city of Cartagena in Colombia to attend the Society for Conservation Biology’s bi-annual International Congress for Conservation Biology (ICCB) conference. “Insights for sustaining life on Earth” was the theme for this year’s conference, with an emphasis on how to better manage […]
Fire regimes and environmental gradients shape the distribution of forest wildlife KEY MESSAGES: Important insights can be gained by modeling how fire regimes, not just fire events, influence biota in forests Management of fire regimes needs to be complemented by an understanding of the underlying environmental gradients and key elements of habitat structure that influence […]
Does what we say reflect what we think? CEED researchers have found that the term ‘biodiversity’ is less prevalent in conservation policy discourse these days. In an effort to learn about how biodiversity conservation has been framed in recent years, Alex Kusmanoff and colleagues at RMIT University analysed the text of media releases by the […]
Improving the estimation of ecological equivalence within offset exchanges Key messages: Ecologically robust, user-friendly decision support tools improve the transparency of biodiversity offsetting and assist in the decision making process We developed a disaggregated accounting model to balance biodiversity trades within a ‘no-net-loss’ framework The model improves on other models that use aggregated metrics by […]
Understanding how pyrodiversity begets biodiversity Key messages: Pyrodiversity describes the variation in the time between fires, their severity, size and patchiness New work is advancing our knowledge of the connection between pyrodiversity and biodiversity but there is a need to further develop approaches that are better tailored to local conditions All around the world fire […]
Mixed policies can meet multiple expectations Key messages: We analysed the potential outcomes of 10 alternative land-use policy scenarios for a high-priority region for forest protection, restoration and rural development in Central Kalimantan All 10 policy strategies are capable of achieving all stakeholder objectives provided at least 29–37% of the landscape is conserved for biodiversity […]
Carbon AND biodiversity benefits on agricultural land Key messages: Researchers evaluated policy mechanisms for supplying carbon and biodiversity co-benefits on Australian agricultural land Uniform payments targeting carbon achieved significant carbon sequestration but negligible biodiversity co-benefits. Land-use regulation increased biodiversity co-benefits, but was inefficient in regards to carbon Discriminatory payments with land-use competition were efficient and, […]
And CEED is active in realising that potential The idea of ecosystem services emphasizes the benefits that nature provides – benefits that are both tangible and intangible. This, among other things, includes the production of food and clean water, the regulation of floods, the provision of recreation and scenic beauty, a connection to place, and […]
Southeast Queensland’s waterways provide over $10 billion annually in economic benefits through drinking water supply, fishing, tourism, and recreation. But these goods and services are under threat from intensive agricultural, urban development and climate change.
Conservation research is not being done in the countries where it is most needed, and this will likely undermine efforts to preserve global biodiversity. If that sounds like a harsh judgement, consider the facts.
Brittle stars shine a light on patterns in the deep A team of scientists, including CEED researchers, have created the first map of seafloor diversity across the world’s oceans. The map reveals how patterns of biodiversity in the deep oceans fundamentally differ from those in shallow waters or on land. Focusing on brittle and basket […]
What are the challenges and opportunities? KEY MESSAGES: Offshore oil and gas development brings with it a range of challenges and opportunities for marine biodiversity conservation The conservation community should become more actively involved in the earliest planning and exploration phases of oil and gas extraction Environmental decision-support tools can be used to explicitly incorporate […]
Accounting for the movement of fish and boats KEY MESSAGES: Balancing the needs of conservation with its impacts on fisheries is important when designing marine reserve networks Commonly used design tools based on static models are good at placing reserves to avoid short-term losses to fisheries Static models perform poorly for designing reserves that bring benefits to fisheries […]
CEED recently joined forces with CSIRO and the Belmont Forum project ‘ScenNet’ to explore ways that scenarios and models could be better used in setting and implementing conservation policy at national to global scales. (ScenNet is a global collaboration of researchers working on scenarios and models to support conservation assessment and decisions.) Developing environmental policy […]
The expansion of the world’s protected area network is often held up as a measure of global progress towards effective biodiversity conservation. However, having more protected areas does not necessarily mean better biodiversity outcomes. In the past, two main approaches have been used to identify priority sites for biodiversity conservation: one based on thresholds, the other on complementarity. We recently combined both approaches to guide conservation planning.
Four years ago, the NERP Landscapes and Policy Hub (a sister hub to NERP Environmental Decisions) set out to answer the question ‘How do we take a regional-scale view of biodiversity?’ The trigger for this question was the Hawke review of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (1999). One of the questions facing the review was why, after 10 years of the Act being in operation, had the list of threatened and endangered species grown steadily to over 1,750 with precious few coming off that list. One of the review’s recommendations was to consider biodiversity at the scale of landscapes and whole regions as well as species and communities in order to understand and manage the underlying causes of decline.
Primary forests are systems that are largely free from industrial-scale land uses, and spaces where natural processes still dominate. They provide maximum ecosystem benefits to humans and nature – and a new analysis suggests we need to act now if we are to save them.